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What causes anosmia? - GP for anosmia in Costa del Sol

GP for anosmia in Costa del Sol

For most people, anosmia is a temporary discomfort caused by a significantly congested nose induced by a cold for the majority of individuals. When a cold has passed, a person's sense of smell returns. It may potentially be a sign of COVID-19. However, certain people, particularly the elderly, may continue to lose their sense of smell. Furthermore, anosmia might be a symptom of a more serious medical issue. That is why any persistent smell concerns should be evaluated by a doctor. Keep reading to learn the causes of persistent anosmia and when to call our GP in Costa del Sol.


What causes anosmia?

The most frequent cause of anosmia is nasal congestion caused by allergies, a cold, sinus infection, or poor air quality. Other causes of anosmia include:

  • Nasal polyps. Noncancerous growths in the nose and sinuses that can obstruct the nasal channel.
  • Old age. Your sense of smell, like your eyesight and hearing, can deteriorate with age. In reality, one's sense of smell is at its peak between the ages of 30 and 60, and it begins to wane after that.
  • Toxic chemical exposure, such as pesticides or solvents.
  • Surgery or head trauma can cause damage to the nose and smell nerves.
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines, antibiotics, heart medicines, antidepressants, and other medicines.
  • Cocaine abuse.

When to call our GP for anosmia in Costa del Sol

Smell loss caused by colds, allergies, or sinus infections generally resolves on its own within a few days. If this does not occur, see our GP for anosmia in Costa del Sol to rule out more serious problems.

Additionally, depending on the reason, loss of smell can occasionally be addressed. To address a bacterial infection, our GP in Costa del Sol may prescribe an antibiotic or remove any obstructions in your nose passages. However, in rare situations, the lack of smell becomes permanent.


How is anosmia diagnosed?

It is impossible to quantify the loss of smell. Our GP in Costa del Sol may ask you about your existing symptoms, inspect your nose, do a full checkup, and inquire about your medical history.

They may inquire as to when the issue arose, whether all or only certain kinds of smells are affected, and if you can taste food. Our doctor may additionally do one or more of the following tests based on your responses:

  • CT scans, which generate a detailed picture of the brain using X-rays.
  • MRI scans, which examine the brain using radio waves and magnets.
  • Skull X-ray.
  • A nasal endoscopy, which is used to examine the interior of your nose.