When bacteria change and become resistant to the antibiotic drugs that usually kill them, antibiotic resistance occurs. Antibiotic resistance severely restricts available treatments and is a major global health issue. Now that some bacteria strains are superbugs, they are resistant to a variety of antibiotics. Here’s all about antibiotic resistance and when to contact our English speaking general practitioner in Costa del Sol when antibiotics don’t work.
Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change in a way that makes it impossible for antibiotic medications to kill them or stop their growth. As a direct consequence of this, bacterial infections become extraordinarily challenging to treat.
Drug resistance can also develop in viruses, parasites, and fungi.
The bacteria in your body are the ones that become resistant to antibiotics, not your body. When antibiotic resistance occurs, a particular bacterium becomes resistant to a smaller number of available antibiotic treatments. Although additional antibiotics are frequently helpful, it is crucial to have access to a wide range of treatment options.
We don't notice the occurrence of antibiotic resistance until we treat a patient. The antibiotic, which had been successful in the past, abruptly stops working or becomes less effective. It takes some time to figure out what's going on, and in the meantime, your condition deteriorates. There is a possibility that an infection that could be treated at home in the past will now require hospitalisation.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major public health issue in the WHO European Region. In the EU/EEA alone, more than 670,000 infections are caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and 33 000 people die as a direct result.
Antibiotic resistance is frequently influenced by the following factors:
In a recent study that was published in the journal Nature Biotechnology, researchers managed to combat antibiotic resistance with a genetically modified bacteria in mice. This genetically modified bacteria might be useful in the treatment of lung infections that are difficult to cure.
The research conducted on mice demonstrated that a re-engineered bacteria could be used to target drug-resistant infections and make them susceptible to antibiotics that would otherwise be ineffective in treating them.
The treatment has been described as a "battering ram that lays siege to antibiotic-resistant bacteria" by Dr. Maria Lluch of the International University of Catalonia, who was also a senior author on the study.
The treatment creates openings in the cell walls of the organisms being treated, which allows antibiotics to more easily enter the cells and eliminate infections at their root cause. This could be a promising new approach to addressing the primary reason for deaths that occur in healthcare facilities.
According to the findings of the study that was conducted at the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, using a treatment that was based on bacteria more than doubled the survival rate of mice in comparison to not using any treatment at all. There were no indications of toxicity in the lungs following the administration of a single, high dose of the treatment. After the course of treatment had been completed, the immune system eliminated the modified bacteria in a span of four days after beginning the process.
If an infection shows signs of antibiotic resistance, you should call our English speaking general practitioner in Costa del Sol. Our GP may try a different drug. It's possible that the new medication will have more severe adverse effects, and switching antibiotics increases the likelihood that your body will become resistant to the one you're currently taking.